Tuesday’s Lab

Today consisted of a lot of microscopic viewing. Eyes were strained and phytoliths were found. Although nothing new happened in the lab, we had a pleasant surprise at the end of the day. Diana drove all the way up from Minneapolis to drop off her checks, but more importantly we had a great conversation with her. She gave us advice and made us feel like more than just interns. Thumbs up to Diana!


Community, Phytoliths and Collaborative Work

Our day started later than normal thankfully, which gave us time to recover from the past few days in the field. We met up in the early afternoon for our weekly videoconference with the other teams in the project. It was very interesting to hear the other teams and the work they are conducting in comparison to our own.


After lunch, we met at the FDL Resource Management building to hear lectures about writing our site description sections for our papers and an introduction to phytoliths.


Phytoliths historically have been described as “silica skeletons from plants.” This sounds like a pretty good description about something that seems very complex. Basically, phytoliths are what is left behind after plants die in the sediments of lakes and can be used to analyze historical data about lake vegetation and climate. Silica is one of the most common, if not the most common, minerals found in the Earth’s crust and is present in most plants. This silica is what exists in phytoliths and unique to each organism that processes it. One unique feature of wild rice phytoliths, in particular, is a specific indent that is largely diagnostic of wild rice vegetation. We were able to look at a wild rice plant, a chaffe and seeds from Red Lake.


The Ojibwe call wild rice “Manoomin” and is very integral to their Anishnabe culture. It’s so interesting to be a part of an REU that puts as much emphasis on the scientific aspect of research as the cultural aspect of it. One example is that we are learning the tribal names of plants as well as the Latin names of plants. We learned also that the Ojibwe People would use their moccasins and either poles or ropes to lessen their body weight in order to remove the chaffes from the rice seeds. (This is very simplified as I hope to learn more about this interesting cultural activity.)


The most important factor for me in this experience is learning so much about something that I haven’t had the opportunity to learn about previously in my studies. Although my educational background requires that I learn about the importance of protecting traditional tribal cultures, I rarely get to learn about the intricacies of tribal cultures and what makes them unique. This REU is allowing me to truly see, firsthand, some crucial distinctions about the Anishnabe culture and how I can contribute to its continuation.


Picture 1: REU Intern Emilia Caylor holding rice seed chaff.


Picture 2: Wild Rice from Red Lake compared to wild rice chaff




Monday June 16th – Team Zaaga’igan

We had a long day for sure.

First we loaded up the trucks and trailers with camping gear and then headed out to the Sandy Lake where we would be taking cores the next day. On the way we stopped by the open pit iron mine and gift shop to see what toll mining takes on the surrounding areas. When we got to the lake one of our trucks went ahead to see if we could get the trailers through, but it got stuck in a large puddle, and the rest of our night was rough. Eventually we decided to head back to Pfeiffer Lake where we settled in for the night.


Jordan Hoagland


Pfeiffer Lake



June 18, 2014

Today we went out to Mud Lake (Mashkiigwaagamaag) to complete our site survey. Tom came with us to tell us the history of Mud Lake’s past present and future. We learned the effects of human interference, climate change, and vegetation change. This will really help us as we are writing our site descriptions later this week.​


Emilia Caylor


Ma’Ko’Quah, Ida, and Chad check out the plants around Mud Lake (Mashkiigwaagamaag)


June 17, 2014 Perseverance

Today was interesting to say the least. The day before, one of our trucks got stuck in a deep muddy puddle in the roads near Big Sandy Lake, which is one of the lakes we will be researching this summer. The tow truck that arrived to pull out our vehicle caused more problems than it fixed: First, it backed into the tailgate of the department truck, causing it to be unable to close. Second, it was unsuccessful in pulling the department truck out of the mud, resulting in a slight delay and further frustration. In addition to an unmovable truck, one of the spindles wrapped in rope broke causing a couple of interns and myself to tediously unwrap the rope. Although we were prolonged by both the truck and spindle, both the local plant and tree identification and coring were successfully completed.


Ricki Munoz